The application will be supported by a full Transport Assessment and Travel Plan. These documents will include details of the proposed site access arrangements by vehicular and non-vehicular modes, the opportunities for travel by non-car modes, and the residual cumulative impact of the proposals on the safe and efficient operation of local highway network, including any mitigation measures that may be required. The scope of assessment and associated methodologies are being agreed with Kent County Council.
Site Access and Roads
The principal point of vehicular access to the site will be provided from the A228 Ashton Way. The access would be provided by reconfiguring the existing A228 / West Malling station access junction such that a fourth arm is introduced into the site, thereby forming a staggered signal-controlled junction, with pedestrian crossing facilities.
A signalised pedestrian / cycle crossing would be provided across the site access arm of the junction, to allow continuation of the footway / cycleway along the eastern side of the A228, as well as across the A228 (western arm). A new footway / cycleway will be provided along the proposed site access road to provide connectivity between the development and the existing footway / cycleway along the A228 and connections to West Malling station and West Malling town, via this crossing.
The site access road would be respectful of the landscape and existing homes and, at its southern end, would most likely connect to a loop road serving the development. No residential access would be taken directly from the site access road.
The access road has been designed to allow access for emergency vehicles. Lavenders Road, Broadwater Road and Pikey Lane would form additional emergency access points.
The general day to day use of these roads by residents of Broadwater Farm (aside from pedestrian / cycle access) will be prevented by gateway features, including bollards, signage and suitable surface treatments.
Where Broadwater Road and Lavenders Road bisect the site they would be downgraded to pedestrian, cycle & equestrian links to prevent vehicular access and preserve their rural character. The length of Pikey Lane where it bisects the schools site would be stopped up to ensure a unified educational campus can be provided. This is shown here.
We are proposing a vehicular road to the southern boundary of the site which could potentially link with Kings Hill.
Broadwater Farm is in a highly sustainable location for travel on foot, cycle and public transport. In particular, West Malling railway station is located approximately 1.4km from the centre of the site, equating to a circa 17-minute walk or a 4-minute cycle. The site is also well located in respect to the various local bus services, amenities and employment opportunities in Kings Hill to the south.
View looking south along proposed access road
There are a number of public rights of way that run alongside or within the site that will be retained as part of the proposals and, where beneficial, would be improved as part of the development. These routes will facilitate pedestrian access from the development to Kings Hill, East and West Malling and surrounding areas. In addition, various additional pedestrian and cycle links have been, or will be, implemented as part of the forthcoming Kings Hill developments to the south of the site thereby providing links close to the southern boundary. A network of footways and cycleways would be provided within the site itself with connections to the existing network.
In addition to the existing local public transport, we are looking at the potential to provide a new dedicated shuttle bus service that would go to and from West Malling station, encouraging the use of rail services. In addition, the possibility of providing new bus service to Maidstone is also being looked at, thereby enhancing accessibility by public transport. We also have interest from Brompton Bike Hire about partnering to provide rental bikes within the development and Go Coach regarding provision of demand response bus services that would be useable via an app.
Berkeley is committed to creating well-designed, high quality, safe and sustainable places which will endure as settled, vibrant communities long into the future. To help achieve these aims, ambitious commitments are set every two years.
A headline commitment for 'Our Vision' is sustainable transport. The way we travel is changing and in order to design developments fit for the future, there is a need to understand customers' needs and expectations, as well as future trends and how the transport mix is likely to change over time. Berkeley is undertaking research to gain a greater understanding of the changes and how it may impact its developments. In the short term, all new sites would incorporate electric vehicle charging facilities and cycle storage.
Furthermore, a comprehensive Travel Plan will be provided and implemented as part of our proposals. This would accord with various local and national policies and best-practice guidance to encourage active modes of travel and discouraging single occupancy car travel.
Trip Generation and Impact
The additional trips made by walking, cycling, public transport and car during the key morning and afternoon peak hours will be forecast and the impact of these trips on the local transport network will be identified.
In terms of the traffic impact of the proposals, Tonbridge & Malling Council, in support of the draft Local Plan have carried out a number of assessments which show that the Broadwater Farm allocation can be accommodated on the highway network. Further traffic modelling is being carried out to identify any required improvement works.